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Results for:   Topic: “Tax and Legal”  

Legal Requirements for Foundation Investments

Board members should be aware of three key legal requirements that may impact foundation investments. Avoid jeopardizing investments The board has the legal responsibility to manage the foundation’s assets in a manner that avoids imprudent investments. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) may penalize the foundation if it is found to be engaging in investments that... Read More

Top Seven Year-End Foundation Tax Tips

Consider offsetting capital losses with capital gains. Over the past decade, the largest taxable component of investment income for most foundations has been realized capital gains. Foundation management should review their portfolio to ascertain if they can take losses to offset any realized gains. Foundations should be aware that any excess capital losses over capital... Read More

Employee Compensation: Legal Responsibilities

As an employer, you are responsible for documenting that your employee is eligible to work in the United States. To do this, the employee must complete Immigration and Naturalization Service Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification. You, the employer, must keep this form on file for as long as the employee works for you. For small... Read More

Allocating Foundation Expenses for Tax Purposes

Under the Further Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2020, private foundations are now subject to tax at a flat rate of 1.39% of their net investment income, effective for taxable years beginning after Dec. 20, 2019. Private Foundations are also subject to the requirement of section 4942 that a minimum of 5% of the fair market... Read More

Lobbying: Is Incorrect Advice Inhibiting Your Ability to Act?

Most foundations cannot directly earmark money to support a lobbying campaign. (Community foundations and others that have public charity status are notable exceptions to this rule.) What constitutes lobbying, however, often is murky. Support for a public education campaign, for example, usually is not lobbying, assuming it does not urge lawmakers or the public to... Read More

Understanding the Excise Tax

Understanding the Excise Tax Although private foundations are exempt from the federal income tax, each private foundation must pay an annual excise tax on its net investment income.  Congress imposed this tax in 1969, arguing that the income was necessary to pay for the costs of auditing and monitoring private foundations. Historically, the tax was... Read More